Wojciech Odrobina - The purpose of the monument determines its design, that is, its layout, its volumes, its dimensions. From this point of view, four major kinds of architecture can be considered: religious, residential, civil and urban.
Religious architecture (temples, churches, mosques, etc.)
The structure of a religious building varies according to the religion to which it is intended. A Greek temple, which is nothing more than the dwelling place of God, in which only the priests penetrate, can neither by the layout, nor by the dimensions, resemble a Christian church or a mosque, intended to accommodate crowds. A mosque, where the imam is limited to reading the Qur'an and directing the prayer, is different from a church in which the faithful move to communion and in which processions are held.
The minaret, essential feature of the mosque, is intended to allow the Almuédano to call the faithful by exhorting them to give the prayer; the bell tower of the critica…